A recent report shows that women, especially Generation Z, are increasingly confident investors, with 71% actively investing in stocks. They exhibit resilience during market downturns and take proactive measures to improve their financial well-being.
Troy D. Hanson
November 13, 2023
A recent report from Fidelity Investments reveals a surprising trend - women are increasingly becoming more confident investors, with Generation Z leading the way. According to the report, 71% of adult women in the United States belonging to Generation Z (born after 2001) are actively investing in stocks and stock mutual funds. This figure surpasses the investment rates of millennials (63%), Generation X (55%), and baby boomers (57%).
Overall, Fidelity's research indicates that six in 10 women now invest in the stock market independently from any employer-provided retirement accounts. Furthermore, women demonstrate resilience during market downturns, with 51% choosing to remain calm and wait it out, compared to 43% of men.
When evaluating how different age groups cope with market volatility, Fidelity found that 52% of boomer women feel adequately prepared to handle future dips in the market. On the other hand, only 44% of Generation Z investors and 36% of both millennials and Gen X investors share the same sentiment.
Despite uncertainties such as rising interest rates, a fluctuating housing market, geopolitical tensions, and an upcoming presidential election, women have adopted a conservative investment approach. Fidelity's research shows that approximately one-third of women have increased their cash holdings, while 22% are choosing to remain in their current jobs. Additionally, 15% have moved their cash into investments with higher interest rates or conservative options.
Many women are also taking proactive measures to strengthen their financial positions. A third are focused on reducing their debts, while 24% are creating or updating personal/family budgets. Furthermore, 22% are actively seeking a second job or building an emergency fund.
In conclusion, women are emerging as confident investors, with Generation Z leading the charge. They exhibit resilience during market downturns and demonstrate a conservative approach to investment decisions. Moreover, they are taking active steps to improve their financial well-being through debt reduction and proactive budgeting.
The Importance of Long-Term Investing for Gen Z Women
I recently highlighted the fact that a significant number of women from the newest generation in the workforce, Gen Z, are embracing investment opportunities. This is indeed an encouraging development. With their extended time horizon, these young women have a remarkable chance to reap substantial returns from investing in stocks and equity-oriented mutual funds over the long run. Consequently, it is not surprising that only a mere 10% of Gen Z women lack confidence when it comes to saving and preparing for retirement.
However, we must acknowledge that youthful exuberance and overconfidence often come into play at this stage. Let's consider that the oldest Gen Z individuals are currently just 22 years old. As a result, they have only accumulated a few years of work experience at best. These inexperienced market participants may have some familiarity with the drastic market downturn that occurred during the pandemic in February and March of 2020, where the S&P 500 fell by almost a third before recovering a few weeks later. However, it is crucial to recognize that severe bear markets rarely last for such short durations. In fact, they often persist for several years.
For instance, it took a staggering four years for the S&P 500 to fully recover from the crash of 2007-2009, which had initially caused a market decline of nearly 60%. Just imagine: four years to regain the lost ground.
Nevertheless, this pales in comparison to the Nasdaq's terrifying plunge of 80% over approximately 2½ years following the burst of the tech bubble in the spring of 2000. It took a daunting 15 years for the Nasdaq to finally reach its previous peak—a whole generation's worth of time.
These historical examples might shed light on why older women tend to be more uncertain about their retirement savings. While only 10% of Gen Z women lack confidence in their savings, this figure rises to 19% for millennial women, 32% for Gen X women, and 48% for boomer women. This pattern makes perfect sense to me: as we grow older, we accumulate wisdom through experiences and learn from the ups and downs of the market.
Of course, I do not wish for a negative turn of events to take place simply as a lesson for young women to realize that markets can indeed go down and stay down for extended periods of time. However, it is vital for them to understand this possibility. By recognizing the inherent volatility of the market, they can make informed decisions and acquire valuable financial knowledge that will benefit them throughout their lives.